HORMONAL THERAPY

Hormone therapy as a cancer treatment may involve taking medicines that block the activity of the hormone or stop the body from making the hormone. Hormone therapy may involve surgically removing a gland that is making the hormones.
Some cancers use hormones to grow or develop. This means the cancer is hormone sensitive or hormone dependent. Hormone therapy for cancer uses medicines to block or lower the amount of hormones in the body to stop or slow down the growth of cancer.
Hormone therapy stops hormones being made or prevents hormones from making cancer cells grow and divide. It does not work for all cancers.
Cancers that can be hormone sensitive include:
  • 1.Breast cancer
  • 2.Prostate cancer
  • 3.Ovarian cancer
Hormone therapy is most often used to treat breast and prostate cancers, where its role is well established through numerous clinical trials. Meanwhile, research is ongoing to study the potential efficacy of hormonal manipulation in treating other cancer types. Hormone therapy can be given in a few ways:
  • Oral medication : some therapies are taken by mouth.
  • Injection : some therapies are given by an injection under the skin (subcutaneous) or in the muscle (intramuscular).
  • Surgical intervention: for example,removal of the ovaries in women or testicles in men, results in decreased production of certain hormones.
  • Eg:Tamoxifen, Letrozole, Bicalutamide, Degarelix, Leuprolide.